It is scientifically proven that the reduced number of blood electrolytes, such as magnesium, potassium, calcium and sodium may lead to frequent occurrence of leg cramps. They can be reduced with increased perspiration or use of diuretics. Magnesium and calcium are the most common minerals to cause cramps.
In addition to the lack of minerals, the causes of leg cramps can be uncomfortable shoes, descended feet, degenerative changes in the joints of the foot, improper seating or some diseases. The way to prevent cramps is to exercise, get a good circulation, drink at least a liter and a half of water a day, get enough intake of minerals in the body.
If you get a cramp in your foot or in another part of the legs, you can successfully solve it with this trick. Gram your toes and rapidly and strongly pull them toward you. If the pain is strong, hang in there and try to keep the foot in this position, while the other hand simultaneously massage your aching muscles. The cramp will soon loosen.